Buick Encore Owners & Service Manuals

Buick Encore: Description and operation

REAR SUSPENSION DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

This vehicle has a beam rear suspension system consisting of the following components:

  • An axle with integral trailing arms
  • A cross beam
  • Two coil springs
  • Two standard shock absorbers

Axle Assembly

The axle assembly attaches to the underbody through a rubber bushing and bracket located at the front of each integral trailing arm. The brackets are bolted to the underbody side rails. The axle structure itself maintains the geometrical relationship of the wheels relative to the centerline of the body.

Rear camber and tow are not adjustable. Replace any damaged suspension components as necessary.

Coil Spring

The coil springs support the weight of the vehicle in the rear. Rubber insulators isolate the coil spring at the upper and lower spring seat.

Shock Absorber

The shock absorbers are connected to the rear axle and the vehicle underbody. The shock absorbers are nonadjustable and non-refillable. Service of the shocks requires replacement of the shock assembly.

Wheel Bearing/Hub Assembly

A single hub and bearing assembly is bolted to both ends of the rear axle assembly. The hub and bearing assembly is a sealed unit that eliminates the need for wheel bearing adjustment or periodic maintenance.

Although the rear suspension components are lubricated for life and require no routine lubrication, they should be inspected periodically for damage and wear.

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

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     Suspension General Diagnosis

     Trim Height Specifications

    SPECIFICATIONS TRIM HEIGHT SPECIFICATIONS (USA) For description see Trim Height Inspection, refer to Trim Height Inspection. Trim Height Specifications (USA) TRIM HEIGHT SPECIFICATIONS (CANADA) Trim

     Trim height inspection

    Trim Height Measurement Trim height is a predetermined measurement relating to vehicle ride height. Incorrect trim heights can cause the vehicle to bottom out over bumps, damage to the suspension com

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     Description and operation

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    Power Outlet 110/120-Volt Alternating Current If equipped, this power outlet is on the rear of the center console. It can be used to plug in electrical equipment that uses a maximum limit of 150 watts. An indicator light on the outlet turns on to show it is in use. The light comes on when the igni

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