Buick Encore Owners & Service Manuals

Buick Encore: Description and operation

Brake assist system description and operation

System Component Description

The brake assist system consists of the following:

Brake Pedal

Receives, multiplies and transfers brake system input force from driver.

Brake Pedal Pushrod

Transfers multiplied input force received from the brake pedal to the vacuum brake booster.

Vacuum Brake Booster

Uses source vacuum to decrease effort required by driver when applying brake system input force. At rest, source vacuum is applied to both sides of the vacuum diaphragm for single booster. Return springs maintain the booster in a rest position. When brake system input force is applied, vacuum to the rear of the diaphragm is cut off, and air at atmospheric pressure is admitted in its place. This provides a decrease in brake pedal effort required. When input force is removed, vacuum again replaces atmospheric pressure within the booster.

Vacuum Source

Supplies force used by vacuum brake booster to decrease brake pedal effort. The source vacuum for a spark ignition engine is normally derived from the intake manifold

Vacuum Source Delivery System

Enables delivery and retention of source vacuum for vacuum brake booster.

System Operation

Under normal driving conditions, without the brakes applied, vacuum is allowed to act on both sides of the diaphragm within the vacuum brake booster. When the brake pedal is applied, the effort by the driver is multiplied due to the relative length of the brake pedal in relationship to its pivot point and the point at which the push rod to the vacuum brake booster is attached.

Movement of the push rod causes a valve within the vacuum brake booster to close between the two sides of the diaphragm, thus isolating each side. It also allows a valve to open that allows atmospheric pressure to act on the pedal side of the vacuum brake booster while maintaining vacuum on the vacuum source side of the diaphragm.

The movement of the brake pedal pushrod is transferred to the hydraulic brake master cylinder via the vacuum brake booster. The pressure differential within the vacuum brake booster reduces the effort required by the driver in applying the brakes.

Brake booster vacuum assist description and operation

Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

Fig. 193: Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram
Fig. 193: Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

In order to assure that vacuum is available to the vacuum brake booster, the car can contain a vacuum pump either in addition to the normal intake manifold vacuum source or as stand-alone. The pump provides negative pressure when the engine cannot properly accommodate the requirement, e.g. cold start, heavy throttle, high altitude and turbo pressure.

Auxiliary Brake Booster Pump

The auxiliary brake booster pump is a secondary vacuum supply to the brake booster to maintain sufficient vacuum needed for brake assist.

Vacuum Brake Booster

Uses source vacuum to decrease effort required by driver when applying the brake.

When brake system input force is applied, air at atmospheric pressure is admitted to the rear of both vacuum diaphragms, providing a decrease in brake pedal effort required. When input force is removed, vacuum replaces atmospheric pressure within the booster.

Vacuum Source

Vacuum is supplied by engine vacuum or by the auxiliary brake booster pump.

Brake Booster Vacuum Sensor Without J41

The brake booster vacuum sensor is mounted on the vacuum brake booster and provides feedback to the electronic brake control module relative to the amount of vacuum available for the vacuum brake booster.

Brake Booster Vacuum Switch With J41

The low vacuum switch controls the 12 V to the relay coil in the brake vacuum assist pump. When more vacuum is needed the vacuum switch closes. The relay coil closes the relay contact and connects the electric motor to ground. The electric motor is fed with 12 V. When sufficient vacuum is reached the switch opens and the pump stops.

BRAKE WARNING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

Fig. 194: Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram
Fig. 194: Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

The purpose of the brake warning system is to warn the driver of the park brake being applied while the vehicle is being driven, a brake electronic brake distribution (EBD) failure and/or a low brake fluid level condition.

  • When the ignition switch in the ON position and park brake is applied, the brake warning indicator lamp is illuminated. While the ignition switch is turned to the ON position, the battery voltage is provided to the brake warning indicator on the instrument panel cluster (IPC). When the park brake is applied, the park brake switch is grounded and the brake warning indicator is illuminated.
  • EBCM monitors the EBD system. If EBCM detects EBD failure condition, EBCM sends a signal to IPC and IPC illuminates the brake warning indicator.
  • Brake fluid level indicator switch is negative thermal coefficient (NTC) type. When the brake fluid level is too low, the brake warning indicator is illuminated by being grounded through the brake fluid level indicator switch.

Hydraulic brake system description and operation

System Component Description

The hydraulic brake system consists of the following:

Hydraulic Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir

Contains a supply of brake fluid for the hydraulic brake system.

Hydraulic Brake Master Cylinder

Converts mechanical input force into hydraulic output pressure.

Hydraulic output pressure is distributed from the master cylinder through two hydraulic circuits, supplying diagonally-opposed wheel apply circuits.

Hydraulic Brake Pressure Balance Control System

Regulates brake fluid pressure delivered to hydraulic brake wheel circuits, in order to control the distribution of braking force. Pressure balance control on non-ABS equipped vehicles, is achieved through a proportioning valve assembly. Pressure balance control on ABS equipped vehicles, is achieved through electronic brake distribution (EBD), which is a function of the ABS modulator.

Hydraulic Brake Pipes and Flexible Brake Hoses

Carries brake fluid to and from hydraulic brake system components.

Hydraulic Brake Wheel Apply Components

Converts hydraulic input pressure into mechanical output force.

System Operation

Mechanical force is converted into hydraulic pressure by the master cylinder, regulated to meet braking system demands by the pressure balance control system, and delivered to the hydraulic brake wheel circuits by the pipes and flexible hoses. The wheel apply components then convert the hydraulic pressure back into mechanical force which presses brake linings against rotating brake system components.

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

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