Buick Encore Owners & Service Manuals

Buick Encore: Fixed and Moveable Windows - Description and operation

Buick Encore 2012-2019 Service Manual / Accessories & Equipment / Fixed and Moveable Windows / Fixed and Moveable Windows - Description and operation

Full-cut method description

NOTE:

  • If corrosion of the pinch-weld flange is present, or if sheet metal repairs or replacements are required, refinish the pinch-weld flange in order to present a clean, primer-only surface.
  • If paint repairs are required, mask the flange bonding area, prior to applying the color coat, in order to provide a clean, primer-only surface.
  • Appropriate materials for these primer applications are typically 2 component catalyzed products. Use materials such as BASF DE15, DuPont 2610, Sherwin-Williams PSE 4600 and NP70 and Martin-Semour 5120 ,5130 , PPG DP90LF SPIES/HECKER 3688/8590 - 3688/5150 - 4070/5090 STANDOX 11158/13320 - 14653/14980 products are approved for this application. Follow the manufacturer's directions for the mix, the application, and the drying times.
  • After repairing the opening as indicated, shake the pinch-weld primer black #3 well. Using a new dauber, apply the primer to the primed surface of the flange in the bonding area. Allow the primer to dry for 10 minutes.

Use only the full cut method, also known in the field as full strip method, when installing windows.

This method includes the following:

  • The replacement of a majority of the urethane adhesive bead. Remove all but approximately 2 mm (3/64 in) of the existing bead of urethane adhesive from the pinch-weld flange.
  • Apply pinch-weld primer to any exposed painted areas on the pinch-weld flange.

No mounds or loose pieces of urethane adhesive should remain on the pinch-weld flange. Do not remove all traces of urethane adhesive.

Power windows description and operation

Power Windows System Components

The power window system consists of the following components:

  • Driver window switch
  • Passenger window switch
  • Left rear window switch
  • Right rear window switch
  • Window motors in each of the doors or window motors in the front doors only 30A Fuse
  • Body control module (BCM)

Power Window System

This vehicle can be configured as follows:

  • All doors with express up and express down window motors
  • Driver and passenger doors with express up and express down power window motors with left rear and right rear express down only window motors
  • Driver with express up and express down power window motor with passenger, left rear and right rear express down only power window motors
  • Driver with express up and express down power window motor and passenger, left rear and right rear power window motors without any express functions
  • All doors window motors without any express functions
  • Driver and passenger doors with power window motors without any express functions with rear door manual crank windows

14 Power Windows AXG-AEF-AER Block Diagram

Fig. 61: 14 Power Windows AXG-AEF-AER Block Diagram
Fig. 61: 14 Power Windows AXG-AEF-AER Block Diagram

14 Power Windows AXG-AEF-AER Block Diagram

14 Power Windows AXG-AEF-AER Block Diagram

Driver and Passenger Express Up and Express Down Window Motors

The driver and passenger doors contains a window motor is smart motor that will detect excessive resistance while performing the express up function and automatically reverse direction to prevent injury to any occupants that may become trapped between the closing window and the door frame. The automatic reverse safety feature can be overridden by pulling and holding the window switch.

The logic circuit within the window motor monitors the up, down and express signal circuits which are normally equal to B+ voltage. When a switch is used on the window switch, the contacts close causing a voltage drop within the appropriate signal circuit. The window motor will detect the voltage drop and will command the window to move in the direction requested.

The driver window switch communicates to the BCM by a serial data circuit. When the driver wishes to control the passenger window, the driver will use the appropriate switch on the driver window switch. When this switch is used, a serial data message is sent to the BCM requesting the passenger window motor command, the BCM will then send a serial data message to the passenger window motor which will then move in the direction requested.

Left Rear, Right Rear Express Up and Express Down Window Motors

The left rear and right rear doors contains a window motor is smart motor that will detect excessive resistance while performing the express up function and automatically reverse direction to prevent injury to any occupants that may become trapped between the closing window and the door frame. The automatic reverse safety feature can be overridden by pulling and holding the window switch.

The logic circuit within the window motor monitors the up, down and express signal circuits which are normally equal to B+ voltage. When a switch is used on the appropriate rear window switch, the contacts close causing a voltage drop within the appropriate signal circuit. The window motor will detect the voltage drop and will command the window to move in the direction requested.

The driver window switch communicates to the BCM by a serial data circuit. When the driver wishes to control a rear window, the driver will use the appropriate switch on the driver window switch. When this switch is used, a serial data message is sent to the BCM requesting the rear window motor command, the BCM will then send a serial data message to the rear window motor which will then move in the direction requested.

14 Power Windows AEC-AER-AEQ Block Diagram

Fig. 62: 14 Power Windows AEC-AER-AEQ Block Diagram
Fig. 62: 14 Power Windows AEC-AER-AEQ Block Diagram

14 Power Windows AEC-AER-AEQ Block Diagram

14 Power Windows AEC-AER-AEQ Block Diagram

All Doors with Express Down Window Motors

For the driver, passenger, right rear and left rear doors, when their window switch is pressed in the down position, battery positive voltage is applied to their respective window motor control circuit and ground to the other window motor control circuit causing that window to open. When the individual window switch is pulled in the up position, voltage and ground is applied to the window motor in the opposite direction causing that window to close. The return path to ground is supplied through the inactive control circuit being normally grounded through the window switch.

Each window switch communicates to the BCM by a serial data circuit. When the driver wishes to control the passenger, left rear or right rear window, the driver will use the appropriate switch on the driver window switch.

When this switch is used, a serial data message is sent to the BCM requesting a window motor command, the BCM will then send a serial data message to the appropriate door window switch which will then command that window to move in the direction requested.

14 Power Windows A55-A33-A66 Block Diagram

Fig. 63: 14 Power Windows A55-A33-A66 Block Diagram
Fig. 63: 14 Power Windows A55-A33-A66 Block Diagram

14 Power Windows A55-A33-A66 Block Diagram

Power Windows Without Express Functions

The driver power window switch contains switches that controls the functions of the driver window motor and also allows the driver to remotely control the functions of the passenger, left rear and right rear power window motors Battery voltage is supplied to the driver power window switch through the accessory voltage supply circuit. The driver power window switch also receives a constant ground source. The power window motor control circuits are connected to ground through the normally closed up and down contacts of the driver power window switch.

When the driver power switch is placed in the down position, the power window motor down control circuit is switched to 12 volts and is applied to the down side of the driver power window motor. Since the other side of the driver power motor is connected to ground through the normally closed contacts of the up switch, the driver window travels down. By placing the driver power window switch in the up position, the polarity of the driver power window motor is reversed and the window travels up.

Battery voltage is supplied to the front passenger power window switch through the accessory voltage supply circuit. Ground for the passenger power window motor is supplied through normally closed up and down contacts of both the front passenger power window switch and the driver power window switch. When the front passenger power window switch is placed in the down position, the power window motor down control circuit is switched to 12 volts and is applied to the down side of the front passenger power window motor. Since the other side of the front passenger power motor is connected to ground through the normally closed up contacts of both the front passenger and driver power window switches, the window travels down. By placing the front passenger power window switch in the up position, the polarity of the power window motor is reversed and the window travels up.

The rear power window switches receive battery voltage through the window lockout control circuit if the window lockout function is disabled. Ground for the rear passenger power window motors is supplied through normally closed up and down contacts of both the rear passenger power window switches and the driver power window switch. When the either rear passenger power window switch is placed in the down position, the power window motor down control circuit is switched to 12 volts and is applied to the down side of the rear passenger power window motor. Since the other side of the rear passenger power motor is connected to ground through the normally closed up contacts of both the rear passenger and driver power window switches, the window travels down. By placing the rear passenger power window switch in the up position, the polarity of the power window motor is reversed and the window travels up.

Lockout Switch Feature

The driver power window switch contains a window lockout switch, when the driver presses the window lockout switch, a serial data message is sent to the BCM which will send a disable command to the rear window switches, deactivating them. The rear windows will still function normally from the switches on the driver window switch.

For vehicles without express functions, the driver power window switch contains a window lockout switch. The window lockout switch completes or interrupts the window lockout control circuit. If the window lockout switch is enabled, there is no voltage available at the rear power window switches and rear power window will not operate from the rear power window switches. The rear power windows will operate from the driver power window switch.

Rear window defogger description and operation

Rear Window Defogger System Components

The rear window defogger system consists of the following components:

  • HVAC control module
  • Underhood ruse block (Contains rear defogger PCB relay)
  • Rear defogger grid
  • Driver Outside Rearview Mirror
  • Passenger Outside Rearview Mirror
  • 30A fuse

Rear Window Defogger Block Diagram

Fig. 64: Rear Window Defogger Block Diagram
Fig. 64: Rear Window Defogger Block Diagram

Rear Window Defogger Block Diagram

Rear Window Defogger Operation

The rear defog control system utilizes a single zone backlight design, driven with a single relay configuration.

Additionally, up to two outside rear view mirrors can be heated if equipped. A switch for the customer to control the system is provided within the HVAC control module, also included in the HVAC control module is an indicator to inform the customer with the current state of the system. The system is only operational when engine is running or during remote start.

Pressing the heated rear window switch on the HVAC control module causes the HVAC control module to provide voltage to the coil side of the rear defogger relay, this will energize the relay causing the relay switch contacts to close allowing B+ voltage to flow through the rear defogger grid control circuit to the rear defogger grid.

When the rear heated window switch is pressed and the engine is running, the rear defog control system will remain active for 10 minutes. After the initial cycle has lapsed, pressing the switch again will continue rear window defogger operation, but the cycle will only last 5 minutes. The rear defog control system will function continuously if the vehicle speed is greater than 70 kilometers per hour (45 mph).

Heated Mirrors

The heated mirrors are also controlled through the rear defogger relay. Whenever the rear window defogger is turned on battery voltage is supplied to the mirror heater elements through the left and right mirror heater element control circuits.

STATIONARY WINDOW DESCRIPTION

Most stationary windows, specifically windshields, are retained to the body with adhesive which adheres the window to the body, increasing structural integrity. The reinstallation of the windows with adhesive requires complete replacement of the adhesive bead, and is known as the full cut method. All stationary windows must use a adhesive systems which meet GM Specification GMW-15672.

URETHANE ADHESIVE DESCRIPTION

For replacement of any adhesive-installed window, use the full cut method only.

Use an adhesive that is approved by GM, Specification GMW-15672.

Use these materials based on specific manufacturer. Do NOT intermix primers or adhesives from one manufacturer to another.

Always follow the system manufacturers instructions for application, handling, and curing.

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

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