Buick Encore Owners & Service Manuals

Buick Encore: Power Seats - Description and operation

Buick Encore 2012-2019 Service Manual / Accessories & Equipment / Power Seats / Power Seats - Description and operation

Lumbar support description and operation

Lumbar Support Components

The power seat lumbar support systems each consist of the following components:

  • Seat lumbar support switch
  • Lumbar support motor

The seat lumbar support switch provides both power and ground to the lumbar support motor. The motor contains an electronic circuit breaker (PTC) that will reset only after voltage has been removed from the motor.

The motor moves the lumbar support forward and rearward.

When the lumbar switch is operated to move the lumbar support forward, battery positive voltage is applied through the lumbar forward switch contacts and the lumbar motor forward control circuit to the lumbar support motor. The motor is grounded through the lumbar rearward switch contacts and the lumbar motor rearward control circuit to the lumbar motor. The motor runs to drive the lumbar support forward toward the occupant's back until the switch is released. Moving the lumbar support rearward works similarly to moving the lumbar support forward, except that battery voltage and ground are applied on opposite circuits causing the motor to run in the opposite direction.

MEMORY SEATS DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Memory Seat System Components

The memory seat system consists of the following components:

  • Driver seat adjuster switch
  • Driver seat memory switch
  • Seat memory control module
  • Seat horizontal motor/sensor
  • Seat front vertical motor/sensor
  • Seat rear vertical motor/sensor

Memory Seat Block Diagram

Fig. 13: Memory Seat Block Diagram
Fig. 13: Memory Seat Block Diagram

Memory Seat Block Diagram

Driver Seat Personalization Option

The seat memory control module will not perform remote memory recall and driver seat easy exit functions unless these personalization options are activated in the audio system, refer to Vehicle Personalization in the Owner's Manual. The audio system reports the vehicle personalization option settings to the seat memory control module as well as other receiving modules via GMLAN message each time the ignition switch is cycled to the ON position. The seat memory control module will then store the seat personalization option settings and examine them before making a memory seat adjustment. The seat personalization option settings stored within the seat memory control module will not change until the memory recall option setting in the audio system is changed and the ignition switch is cycled to the ON position.

Driver Seat Adjuster Switch

Ground is supplied at all times to the driver seat adjuster switch through the switch ground circuit and ground connection. The seat memory control module supplies a low current voltage to each signal circuit of the seat adjuster switch. When the seat switches are pressed, the appropriate signal circuit from the seat memory control module is pulled low through the switch contacts indicating the power seat command. The seat memory control module then commands the driver seat to move in response to the switch signals.

Seat Memory Switch

Memory recalls via the memory switch require the driver to press and hold the memory button until the seat reaches it's memory position.

Ground from the seat memory control module is supplied at all times through the low reference circuit to the driver seat memory switch. The module also supplies memory set and memory recall signal circuits to the seat memory switch. When a memory recall switch is pressed, the signal circuit from the seat memory control module is pulled low through the switch contacts and a series of resistors indicating the memory recall request.

In response to this signal, the seat memory control module commands the appropriate seat motors to move to the pre-recorded seat positions stored in memory.

Refer to the Owner's Manual for Storing Memory Positions, Recalling Memory Positions, Recalling RKE Memory Positions, and for the Easy Exit Driver Seat function.

Seat Motors

There are 3 motors that move the position of the seat. These are the seat horizontal motor, front vertical motor, and the rear vertical motor. The horizontal motor moves the entire seat forward and rearward. Both vertical motors run simultaneously when the seat switch is operated in order to move the entire seat up and down. Or they can be selected independently to vertically tilt the front or rear of the seat up and down.

The seat memory control module controls all seat motors via half bridges that are connected to a single power rail internal to the module. The module connects all motor outputs on the power rail to a common reference point whenever they are not in operation. This reference point is biased to approximately 2.5 V. The seat memory control module checks to see if this reference voltage is shorted to ground or battery before enabling any seat motor. All seat motors operate independently of each other. Each motor contains a electronic circuit breaker (PTC), which will reset only after voltage has been removed from the motor.

All seat motors are reversible. For example, when the seat switch is pressed to move the entire seat forward, ground is applied through the switch contacts and seat horizontal forward switch signal circuit to the seat memory control module. In response to this signal, the seat memory control module applies battery voltage through the driver seat horizontal motor forward control circuit and ground through the driver seat horizontal motor rearward control circuit to the motor. The motor runs in order to drive the entire seat forward. Moving the entire seat rearward works similarly to moving the entire seat forward, except that battery voltage and ground are applied on the opposite circuits causing the motor to run in the opposite direction. All of the seat motors are powered this way.

Seat Position Sensors

The seat motors are equipped with 2 wire hall effect type position sensors internal to the motor. The sensors are monitored by the seat memory control module and are used to determine seat positions when storing or recalling memory settings. The seat memory control module supplies the sensors with a common 12 V reference circuit and separate signal circuits. During seat motor operation, the hall effect position sensor provides a determined number of pulse signals for every revolution of the motor shaft. These pulse signals (Counts) range from 0 - 65,535. High scan tool count values indicate forward or upward seat positions while low count values indicate rearward or downward seat positions.

Power seats system description and operation

The power seat system consists of the following components:

  • Seat adjuster switch
  • Seat horizontal motor
  • Seat front vertical motor
  • Seat rear vertical motor

NOTE: If equipped, the passenger seat block diagram is identical to the driver seat.

Power Seat Block Diagram

Fig. 14: Power Seat Block Diagram
Fig. 14: Power Seat Block Diagram

POWER SEATS SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Motors

All of the seat motors operate independently of each other. Each motor contains an electronic circuit breaker (PTC) that opens in the event of a circuit overload and will reset only after voltage has been removed from the circuit. There are three seat position motors. These are the horizontal motor, front vertical motor, and the rear vertical motor. The horizontal motor moves the entire seat forward and rearward. The seat vertical motors may operate independently to tilt the front or rear of the seat cushion up or down. Both motors can also run simultaneously to move the entire seat up or down.

Seat Operation

The seat switches provide both power and ground to the selected seat motors. All seat motors are reversible. For example, when the seat horizontal forward switch is pressed to move the entire seat forward, ground is applied through the switch contacts and the seat horizontal motor forward control circuit to the motor. With the horizontal motor rearward switch contacts closed to the switch B+ circuit, the motor runs in order to drive the entire seat forward until the switch is released. Moving the entire seat rearward works similarly to moving the entire seat forward, except that battery voltage and ground are applied on opposite circuits causing the motor to run in the opposite direction. All seat motors are powered this way.

    READ NEXT:

     Remote Functions

     Remote Functions - Diagnostic information and procedures

    SCHEMATIC WIRING DIAGRAMS REMOTE FUNCTION WIRING SCHEMATICS (ENCORE) Keyless Entry System Fig. 1: Keyless Entry System (Encore) REMOTE FUNCTION WIRING SCHEMATICS (Encore) Keyless Entry System Fig.

     Remote functions - Description and operation

    KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION The keyless entry system is a vehicle entry device. The keyless entry system is used in conjunction with the door locks to unlock the vehicle. Keyless e

    SEE MORE:

     Electrical System Overload

    The vehicle has fuses and circuit breakers to protect against an electrical system overload. When the current electrical load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the current load returns to normal or the problem is fixed. This greatly reduces the chance

     Body lock pillar upper trim panel replacement

    Fig. 28: Body Lock Pillar Upper Trim Panel Body Lock Pillar Upper Trim Panel Replacement QUARTER LOWER REAR TRIM PANEL REPLACEMENT Fig. 29: Quarter Lower Rear Trim Panel Quarter Lower Rear Trim Panel Replacement QUARTER STOWAGE POCKET DOOR REPLACEMENT (LEFT SIDE) Fig. 30: Quarter Stowage

    © 2020-2024 Copyright www.bencore2.com