Buick Encore Owners & Service Manuals

Buick Encore: Wheel Alignment System - Repair instructions

Buick Encore 2012-2019 Service Manual / Suspension & Steering / Wheel Alignment System / Wheel Alignment System - Repair instructions

SPECIFICATIONS

WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS

Wheel Alignment Specifications

Wheel Alignment Specifications

FASTENER TIGHTENING SPECIFICATIONS

Fastener Tightening Specifications

Fastener Tightening Specifications

REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS

WHEEL ALIGNMENT MEASUREMENT

Steering and vibration complaints are not always the result of improper alignment. One possible cause is wheel and tire imbalance. Another possibility is tire lead due to worn or improperly manufactured tires. Lead/pull is defined as follows: At a constant highway speed on a typical straight road, lead/pull is the amount of effort required at the steering wheel to maintain the vehicle's straight path. Lead is the vehicle deviation from a straight path on a level road without pressure on the steering wheel. Refer to Radial Tire Lead/Pull Correction in order to determine if the vehicle has a tire lead problem.

Before performing any adjustment affecting wheel alignment, perform the following inspections in order to ensure correct alignment readings:

  • Inspect for visible damage to the suspension components and replace as necessary.
  • Inspect the tires for the proper inflation and irregular tire wear. Refer to Vehicle Certification, Tire Placard, Anti-Theft, and Service Parts ID Label , and Tire Diagnosis - Irregular or Premature Wear .
  • Inspect the runout of the wheels and the tires. Refer to Tire and Wheel Runout Specifications .
  • Inspect the wheel bearings for backlash and excessive play. Refer to Wheel Bearings Diagnosis .
  • Inspect the ball joints for looseness or wear.
  • Inspect the tie rod ends for looseness or wear.
  • Inspect the control arms and stabilizer shaft for looseness or wear.
  • Inspect the steering gear for looseness at the frame. Refer to Fastener Tightening Specifications .
  • Inspect the struts/shock absorbers for wear, leaks, and any noticeable noises. Refer to Strut and Shock
  • Absorber Inspection , for front and Strut and Shock Absorber Inspection for rear. .
  • Inspect the vehicle trim height. Refer to Trim Height Inspection .
  • Inspect the steering wheel for excessive drag or poor return due to stiff or rusted linkage or suspension components.
  • Inspect the fuel level. The fuel tank should be full or the vehicle should have a compensating load added.

Give consideration to excess loads, such as tool boxes, sample cases, etc. If normally carried in the vehicle, these items should remain in the vehicle during alignment adjustments. Give consideration also to the condition of the equipment being used for the alignment. Follow the equipment manufacturer's instructions.

Satisfactory vehicle operation may occur over a wide range of alignment settings. However, if the setting exceeds the service allowable specifications, correct the alignment to the service preferred specifications. Refer to Wheel Alignment Specifications.

Perform the following steps in order to measure the front and rear alignment angles:

  1. Install the alignment equipment according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  2. Jounce the front and the rear bumpers 3 times prior to checking the wheel alignment.
  3. Measure the alignment angles and record the readings.

NOTE:

  • Record the "Before" and "After" alignment measurements.
  • When performing adjustments to vehicles requiring a 4-wheel alignment, set the rear toe adjustment first in order to obtain proper front alignment angles.
  1. Adjust alignment angles to vehicle specification, if necessary. Refer to Wheel Alignment Specifications.

FRONT CAMBER ADJUSTMENT

Fig. 1: Front Strut Components
Fig. 1: Front Strut Components

NOTE: DO NOT grind the front strut bores for the bolts to allow adjustment of the front camber. There are service bolts available to allow the front camber to be adjusted, if needed.

  1. If the front camber is out of specifications, perform the following:
  • Remove the front strut to steering knuckle nuts (1) and the bolts (2).
  • Replace the front strut to steering knuckle bolts (2) with the service bolts.
  • Install the service bolts and adjust the front camber to specifications. Refer to Wheel Alignment Specifications

CAUTION: Refer to Fastener Caution .

  1. Tighten the front strut nuts (1) to 110 N.m (81 lb ft).

WHEEL ALIGNMENT - STEERING WHEEL ANGLE AND/OR FRONT TOE ADJUSTMENT

Fig. 2: Inner Tie Rod & Jam Nut
Fig. 2: Inner Tie Rod & Jam Nut

  1. Ensure that the steering wheel is set in a straight ahead position.
  2. Loosen the tie rod jam nut (1).
  3. Adjust the toe to specification by turning the inner tie rod (2). Refer to Wheel Alignment Specifications.

CAUTION: Refer to Fastener Caution .

  1. Tighten the tie rod nut (1) to 60 N.m (44 lb ft).

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